“Yogurt consumption is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes” is one is one of the 10 evidence-based conclusions made by the YINI board about the health effects of yogurt… learn more below.
The association between yogurt consumption and reduced risk of T2D is seen across populations and age groups
The inverse association between yogurt consumption and T2D risk has been shown in populations in North America and across Europe.
Chen et al reported that frequent yogurt intake was consistently and inversely associated with T2D risk in young, middle-aged and elderly adults.
Among US children and teenagers aged 2–18 years, frequent consumers of yogurt (at least one serving per week) had a healthier insulin profile, suggesting a reduced risk for T2D, compared with those who ate yogurt infrequently.
A study of young Canadian people of mean age 20 years, concluded that consuming yogurt may protect against insulin resistance more specifically among those at risk of obesity, in a relationship that appeared to be independent of lifestyle factors measured.
Chen M, Sun Q, Giovannucci E, et al. Dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: 3 cohorts of US adults and an updated meta-analysis. BMC Med 2014;12:215.
Gijsbers L, Ding EL, Malik VS, et al. Consumption of dairy foods and diabetes incidence: a dose-response metaanalysis of observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2016;103:1111–24.
Ibsen DB, Laursen ASD, Lauritzen L, et al. Substitutions between dairy product subgroups and risk of type 2 diabetes: the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort. Br J Nutr 2017;118:989–97.
Díaz-López A, Bulló M, Martínez-González MA, et al. Dairy product consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in an elderly Spanish Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. Eur J Nutr 2016;55:349–60.
O’Connor LM, Lentjes MA, Luben RN, et al. Dietary dairy product intake and incident type 2 diabetes: a prospective study using dietary data from a 7-day food diary. Diabetologia 2014;57:909–17.
Forouhi NG. Association between consumption of dairy products and incident type 2 diabetes – insights from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer study. Nutr Rev 2015;73(Suppl 1):15–22.
Panahi S, Gallant A, Tremblay A, et al. The relationship between yogurt consumption, body weight, and metabolic profiles in youth with a familial predisposition to obesity. Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Apr 25.