Yogurt: what makes it unique?
The authors found that although it remains controversial, several epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested a beneficial effect of yogurt consumption in the control of body weight and energy homeostasis. Yogurt possesses unique properties, including its nutritional composition; lactic acid bacteria, which may affect gut microbiota; and the food matrix, which may have a potential role in appetite and glycaemic control.
A strong association to weight management and type 2 diabetes
Among yogurt’s potential mechanisms of action, they pointed to an increase in body fat loss, a decrease in food intake and an increase in satiety, a decrease in the glycaemic and insulin response, an altered gut hormone response, the replacement of less healthy foods, and altered gut microbiota. Furthermore, the relative energy and nutrient content and contribution of a standard portion of yogurt to the overall diet suggest that the percentage daily intake of these nutrients largely contributes to nutrient requirements and provides a significant contribution to the regulation of energy metabolism.
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