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Yogurt and fatty liver disease


New evidence suggests that probiotic yogurt consumption improved body mass index and insulin levels and may be applicable in reducing risk factors of liver diseases.


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is recognized as a common liver disease in many countries and comprises a spectrum of diseases, ranging from simple steatosis of the liver to fibrosis and cirrhosis. The prevalence of this disorder in general population is reported to be 20–30%. A body of evidence suggests that NAFLD is correlated to compositional changes in the intestinal microflora and altered intestinal permeability. Gut microbiota modulation by probiotics could represent a promising therapeutic strategy for this disease and related conditions.

300 g of yogurt per day

This study provides evidence of possible beneficial effects of probiotic products in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial, was made to 72 NAFLD patients who where divided in two groups. During 8 week one group consumed 300 g/day of probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacteriumlactis Bb12. The other group consumed  300 g/day of conventional yogurt.

Probiotics reduce fatty liver disease

Researchers found that patients from the probiotic yogurt had a significant reduction in weight, body mass index, and serum levels of fasting insulin as compared with that in the control group. No significant changes were observed in other parameters in both groups. Further studies are warranted to investigate the possible effects of probiotic products on these adipokines in NAFLD patients.

To learn more, read the original article.
Source : Nabavi S et al. Journal of Functional Foods Volume 18, Part A, October 2015, Pages 684–691

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