Consumption of dairy products (full-fat, low-fat, yogurts) was assessed at the beginning and after 3 years of monitoring. At the end of the study, the results after adjustment suggest that consumption of low-fat dairy products is inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes.
In the highest quintile of consumption (2.8 servings per day), the relative risk amounted to 0.5 compared with the lowest quintile (0.05 servings per day). The analysis also indicates a lower risk in women with a high BMI and high consumption of yogurt. No relationship was observed with full-fat dairy products.