Long chain Omega-3
In this randomized, double-blind study, 53 German adults, diagnosed with moderately high triglyceride levels (TG:1.7 mmol/L), consumed three various types of yogurt over a period of 10 weeks: classic yogurt, yogurt fortified with 0.8 g of long-chain Omega-3 (0.01 g ALA, 0.44 g EPA, 0.06 g DPA, 0.31 g DHA) and yogurt fortified with 3 g long-chain Omega-3 (0.07 ALA,1.59 g EPA, 0.23 DPA, 1.12g DHA).
Improved plasma inflammation & lipid profile
After comparing blood samples, the researchers found a positive association between increased plasma levels of Omega-3 and red blood cells, and eating yogurt with the highest fortification of Omega-3. These findings were followed by improved plasma inflammation markers (lower PGD2, 5-, 8-, 9-, 11-HETE and higher PGE3,12-, 15-, 18-HEPE) and by a better lipid profile (higher HDL/lower TG) in some consumers.
They conclude that Omega-3 fortification of yogurt is a simple method of increasing omega-3 fatty acid content of plasma lipids which can help to reduce inflammation and may improve cardiovascular health in people with hypertriglyceridemia.
Learn here more about the role of yogurt in reducing the cardiovascular risk.