Diabetes prevention

Yogurt consumption may contribute to a healthier insulin profile in US children

children - insulin - yogurt

Recent studies have shown that yogurt consumption is associated with better diet quality and a healthier insulin profile in adults. These associations had not previously been investigated in children.

In this study, data was analyzed from 5,124 children aged 2-18 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the USA between 2003 and 2006. The frequency of yogurt consumption over 12 months was determined using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index 2005 (HEI-2005) using one 24-HR dietary recall, and metabolic profiles were obtained from the NHANES laboratory data.

Frequent consumers (33.1% of children) consumed yogurt at least once per week. Adjusting for covariates, they had better diet quality than infrequent consumers, as indicated by a higher HEI-2005 total score. Frequent yogurt consumption was also associated with a lower fasting insulin level, a lower homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and a higher quantitative insulin sensitivity check index.

Source: Zhu Y1, Wang H, Hollis JH, Jacques PF. The associations between yogurt consumption, diet quality, and metabolic profiles in children in the USA. Eur J Nutr. 2014 Jul 18. [e-pub ahead of print]

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