Cardiovascular health

Yogurt consumption benefits nutrient intake in young consumers


A European study found an inverse association between yogurt and cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents. High yogurt consumption improves nutrient intake in early childhood and shows a protective effect of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and body fat excess.

Prof. Moreno (University of Zaragoza, Spain) describes in his study the importance of dairy intake in childhood. Current research show a significant decrease of milk and dairy consumption among young children, who no longer meet the dietary recommendations. Additional data indicate an increase of obesity and type 2 diabetes prevalence at a younger age. Yogurt contains many nutrients (proteins, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iodine, potassium, vitamins A, D, B2 and B12) associated with many health benefits in adults.

The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study (HELENA), a cross-sectional study in nine EU-countries (Greece, Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Sweden, Austria and Spain), assessed the risk of CVD in 511 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). Diet, waist circumference, skin-fold thickness, blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory (CRF) were examined.

Role of calcium in weight management

Consumption of milk, milk-and yogurt-based beverages were linked to a lower BMI, smaller waist measurements and a reduction in skinfold thickness and 2 CVD risk factors (total and abdominal excess body fat). Overall dairy consumption was linked to reduced CVD risk, only in girls. Dietary calcium is a key factor in the possible preventive mechanisms of yogurt: it positively influences appetite control, satiation, oxidation of fatty acids and a reduced intestinal fat absorption.

Source: Moreno, L. et al., Nutrition Reviews, August 2015, Vol 73(8), pp. 8-14.

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