Prof. Moreno (University of Zaragoza, Spain) describes in his study the importance of dairy intake in childhood. Current research show a significant decrease of milk and dairy consumption among young children, who no longer meet the dietary recommendations. Additional data indicate an increase of obesity and type 2 diabetes prevalence at a younger age. Yogurt contains many nutrients (proteins, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iodine, potassium, vitamins A, D, B2 and B12) associated with many health benefits in adults.
The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study (HELENA), a cross-sectional study in nine EU-countries (Greece, Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Sweden, Austria and Spain), assessed the risk of CVD in 511 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). Diet, waist circumference, skin-fold thickness, blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory (CRF) were examined.
Role of calcium in weight management
Consumption of milk, milk-and yogurt-based beverages were linked to a lower BMI, smaller waist measurements and a reduction in skinfold thickness and 2 CVD risk factors (total and abdominal excess body fat). Overall dairy consumption was linked to reduced CVD risk, only in girls. Dietary calcium is a key factor in the possible preventive mechanisms of yogurt: it positively influences appetite control, satiation, oxidation of fatty acids and a reduced intestinal fat absorption.