Low-fat versus whole-fat
No less than 4545 individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease were studied in this PREDIMED study. Consumption of yogurt was evaluated using the food frequency questionnaire by separating whole-fat from low-fat yogurt. The rate of reversion of abdominal obesity was evaluated based on yogurt consumption quintiles.
Diminished risk of abdominal obesity
No significant association with abdominal obesity reversion (measured by a decrease in waist circumference) was found for overall yogurt consumption, but it was for whole milk yogurt. The probability of seeing a decrease in abdominal obesity is also significantly higher where whole milk yogurt is consumed, which makes this type of yogurt a good choice for individuals with a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease.