Bone Density and Food Patterns
Data on food intake, BMD, bone width and other measures reflecting bending strength and bone instability were obtained from 4.028 subjects aged 55 years and more, enrolled in the Rotterdam Study, a prospective, population-based study in the Netherlands. Based on the consumption of 28 food groups, the authors identified 4 different dietary patterns, among which 2 were used in this analysis: the first was named “fruit, vegetable, and dairy” pattern, the second “sweets, animal fats, and low meat” pattern.
Dairy as Part of 3 Bone-Friendly Foods
The results show that adherence to the ‘fruit, vegetables, and dairy pattern’ is associated with a favorable bone health profile (high BMD and bending strength, lower bone instability and risk of osteoporotic fractures). In contrast, adherence to the ‘sweets, animal fats, and low meat’ pattern was associated with, on the one hand, high bones width and strength, but, on the other hand, with a higher bone instability and risk of fractures (osteoporotic fracture and hip fractures), independently of BMD. Finally, this study suggests that a fruit, vegetables, and dairy could provide some benefits on bone health and aging.
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