Less yogurt consumption in metabolic syndrome
The authors assessed, in a cross-sectional study using a randomized-multistage-cluster sampling method, the association between total, low-fat, and whole-fat yogurt consumption and the risk of metabolic syndrome among 973 adults in the west of Iran. The consumption of yogurt was significantly higher among people without MetS (5,8 servings per week) than people with MetS (4,5 serving per week). However, after adjusting for potential confounders, no significant association with MetS appears for low- or high-fat yogurt examined separately.
Less fasting plasma glucose and abdominal adiposity
Other results showed that, after adjustments for confounders, yogurt consumption was inversely associated with high triacylglycerol concentration, which exerts a cardioprotective effect. Furthermore, the authors founded that low-fat yogurt consumption was associated with a lower risk of high fasting plasma glucose, and a lower risk of abdominal adiposity, which suggests a beneficial association between low-fat yogurt consumption and cardiometabolic health.
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